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ART & LEISURE: The Richest and Most Famous Rebel Artist in the World - Banksy
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The Richest and Most Famous Rebel Artist in the World
Banksy
By Fanny Bates

BT 201804 Art 01 2      班克斯(Banksy)1974年出生于英国布里斯托尔,父亲是影印机技工。他从未受过正规艺术训练,自称艺术界恐怖分子。

      对于绝大多数政府将涂鸦艺术称为“恣意毁坏他人财物罪”之既定政策,班克斯一向以藐视的立场闻名。他习惯在最能接触社会大众的地方,例如墙壁等地方展示自己的作品。尽管班克斯从来不曾把自己的涂鸦作品或相关照片用作销售牟利的用途,不过,很多艺术拍卖行都曾经试图出售他街头艺术的原版作品。同时,他的很多作品在拍卖行拍出高价。

      从1992至1994年,Banksy于家乡布里斯托尔踏出自己的艺术路途,变成了一名徒手绘图的涂鸦艺人。Banksy可能是街头艺术家中最被公众熟知的人物,他的光辉成就包括:把自己的作品偷运进博物馆参展;目前外界仍然不知道他的真实身份;他最贵的作品被拍卖出1870000美元的高价。他玩涂鸦,搞艺术,被《时代》杂志在2010年评为最有影响力的一百人,其他的入选人包括奥巴马、Lady Gaga,但神奇的是至今为止,没有一个人知道班克斯的真实身份,甚至连这个名字的真实性也有人怀疑。《时代》杂志曾请他给杂志提供一张照片,他提供了一张蒙着脸的肖像画。

      他的很多作品都反映了社会现实,有一幅图是女孩试图牵着气球越过隔离墙,孩子对自由的渴望表现了巴以战乱中的政治局势。还有一幅小女孩放飞心情气球的作品,它表现了他对叙利亚内战难民的关注。另一个知名涂鸦是米老鼠和麦当劳叔叔,牵着一个越南小孩。这幅涂鸦表现了他对越战的态度。Banksy像一名战士,他在路过之处留下了自己不可磨灭的印记,用他独特的黑色幽默和审时度势的狡黠,宣泄着自己的态度,引发社会大众的思考。

      Banksy成名后,有一些作品遗憾被盗。但是好在他的作品相片等素材已经被保留了下来,他的精神也影响深远。

We all have heard the story about Robin Hood, a hero who stole from the rich and gave to the poor. What we don’t know is that there is a Robin Hood living among us today, the most controversial and subversive graffiti artist in the world, the “Robin Hood” hero in the art world, Banksy.
 

His story is almost like a myth. It is believed that Banksy is a native Yate and was born in 1974. However, this is only an assumption. Time magazine even wrote that he is one of the 100 most influential people in the world. His works are hundreds of thousands dollars worth, and his most expensive art piece was sold for $1.7 million. Today, he has left his artwork in cities from Vienna to San Francisco, Barcelona to Paris and Detroit. So why is Banksy so special? Could it be that the entire story about his unknown identity is the most popular thing about him? Or are his works more important than he himself?
 

He developed anti-establishment views as he grew up with in Bristol. Inspired with a new visual style, Banksy pursued more political targets with his work. He took his art outside the walls of galleries and replaced it on the walls of abandoned houses and tunnels, making them available to all people. His works reflect attitudes and views that are inside of every human head. It is just that we all are afraid to say those things out loud. Some of his most famous works are:

BT 201804 Art 02• THE SON OF A MIGRANT FROM SYRIA
Depicts Apple co-founder and former CEO Steve Jobs as the son of a Syrian migrant who shifted to the United States, emphasizing the satirical situation of migrants;

BT 201804 Art 03• MOBILE LOVERS
Highlights the disconnection between lovers using mobile devices, which represent one of the most challenging problems of the modern world;

BT 201804 Art 04• THE MILD MILD WEST
Depicts a teddy bear throwing a Molotov cocktail at the riot police, showing the true face of the US;

BT 201804 Art 05• BOMB HUGGER
Depicts a young girl, with a ponytail and a skirt, hugging a military bomb, emphasizing the true nature of war;

BT 201804 Art 06• THE FLOWER THROWER
He depicts a young man involved in a riot, throwing a bunch of flowers. This mural is printed on T – shirts, around the globe and it was actually painted on a wall in Bethlehem.

BT 201804 Art 07 The picture called THE BANALITY OF THE BANALITY OF EVIL, which Banksy bought for $50, depicts a Nazi soldier who enjoys a beautiful and scenic view of a lake in the mountains. It was sold for $615000 and recognized as the single, most valuable donation ever made to a charity organization for homeless people. He proved himself as an anti – political activist, human rights activist and even an animal rights activist.
 

Before he was invited to exhibit in galleries as a legitimate artist, Banksy (apart from drawing on walls) had a different way of showing his works to the public. He managed to break into museums in United Kingdom and one in United States. He visited the famous Tate Britain gallery in London. With a mask over his head, he stuck one of his paintings on the wall, where it stood for hours until the adhesive was dry, and the painting fell from the wall.

In 2005 he got in and out of New York Metropolitan Museum hanging on a wall You have beautiful eyes a nineteenth century kind of painting depicting a woman wearing a gaThe same trick was repeated at the British Museum, where he hung up a fake cave painting showing a caveman riding a shopping cart, complemented by the inscription "This finely preserved example of primitive art dates from the post-catatonic era."
 

The picture remained unnoticed for a few days but then was set as a piece of permanent collection. However, Banksy’s work is not just about politics. He has something to say even when it comes to music and celebrities. He once replaced five hundred of Paris Hilton’s CDs with his own remix and her cover was replaced by his pictures. It is amazing that no one who has bought this CD has returned it yet.


Unfortunately some of Banksy’s works were stolen, disappeared or even demolished. However, most of his art can be found online. His art is now available all around the globe. He himself has become some kind of a brand for all graffiti writers. Undoubtedly, the mischievous, anonymous outsider who paints beautiful, realistic pictures has become an inevitable part of the world's art scene.

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