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IN DEPTH: BMW has taken over the China Joint Ventures Will be taking up about 75%
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BMW has taken over the China Joint Ventures
Will be taking up about 75%
By Lana Mann

BT 201901 investment 01到2022年,宝马集团在合资公司中的持股将上调25%至75%

尽管今年4月,中国汽车合资公司股比限制被正式确定将阶段性取消,但或许没人想到,今年就有合资企业宣布调整外方持股比例。

在华晨宝马15周年庆典上,华晨集团与宝马集团达成一致意见,到2022年,宝马集团在合资公司中的持股比例将上调25%至75%。

作为第一个“吃螃蟹”的车企,华晨宝马此次股权比例调整引起业内广泛讨论。一方面,人们关心此次合资股比调整之后,华晨集团的未来发展是否会受影响;另一方面,业内也在推测,未来两年是否会有越来越多的合资车企效仿。

10月11日,在华晨宝马15岁生日这一天,华晨集团与宝马集团共同宣布,宝马集团将收购华晨宝马25%的股份,收购金额为36亿欧元。交易完成后,宝马将在合资公司中占有75%的股份。

尽管提高了持股比例,但宝马方面也强调未来将加大对华晨宝马发展的支持力度。“我们将继续落实宝马集团在中国的发展战略。通过持续的投资,以及在电动汽车领域的研发和生产,我们坚信中国市场是实现宝马业务持续增长的重要市场。宝马集团在中国的成功与合资企业华晨宝马密不可分。”宝马集团董事长科鲁格如此表示。

正如科鲁格所说,就在华晨宝马15周年庆典当天,宝马集团与华晨集团也同时宣布,双方将延长华晨宝马的合资协议至2040年,在此基础上,宝马方面将对合资公司增加30亿欧元投资,用于华晨宝马产能扩充。未来,BMW X5和BMW iX3两款车型也将放至华晨宝马生产,其中BMW iX3还将供应给全球其它市场。

华晨宝马合资股比调整计划公布后,长安福特、北京奔驰等合资企业也相继被传出有意提高外方持股比例。但到目前为止,还没有出现正式对外宣布调整合资公司持股比例的消息。

在华晨汽车集团党委书记、董事长祁玉民看来,中国合资合作格局和国际贸易格局变化是大势,无法改变。与其担心现有合作模式被打破,不如顺势而为,因势利导,提前寻求发展思路与发展模式的积极转变。

作为首家进行股权调整的合资车企,华晨宝马的股权调整过程将给其他合资车企的未来发展提供参考。

在签约之时华晨与宝马就已达成约定,在持股比例提升后,宝马方面需通过加大投入,促使华晨宝马企业的收益进一步提升。由此可以预期,股比调整后华晨分红收益不会减少。除利润收入之外,加大对华晨集团自主品牌的支持力度,也是此次股权变更背后双方谈判的重点内容。

2018年10月11日,华晨宝马15周年新闻发布会在沈阳举行。会上,华晨集团与宝马集团共同宣布,宝马集团将收购华晨宝马25%的股份,将合资公司中的股比提高至75%。

The German multinational automobile company has been granted the right to own more than half of the joint venture's share in China after the removal of restrictions preventing foreign investors from owning over 50% of the share. The restriction levied on foreign automobile companies was removed due to the Germany company, BMW in collaboration with its venture partner, Brilliance Auto Group, about the pair's growth strategy for China, including what size stake the German automaker will hold if they are given the chance to dominate the Joint venture.

BT 201901 in depth 02One of China's stakeholders, Li Keqiang confirmed as of recent on a recent trip to Germany that the China automobile venture will be making the first historical event. The Germany company on its side has assured the world that it will be taking up about 75% of the total share of China's automobile venture. The automobile company wants to combine its growth strategy to bring about a rapid growth in the China automobile world.
 

After the agreement, the BMW and its partner, Brilliance agreed to increase its total annual production capacity by an increase of 70,000 vehicles producing the BMW latest all-electric BMW iX3 in China for export worldwide starting in 2020. This was a step to increase the relevance of the China-based automobile company, competing with other automobile company ventures around the globe.
 

This decision has been thought of as one that will spring up other automobile companies to seek for the same attention which will bring an increase in their stake thereby reducing the BMW's high rank. The use of electric cars with inbuilt plug-in hybrids are set to be placed on cars that are not used for commercial purposes. This design is also to be implemented on commercial vehicles such as trucks will start by the year 2020. The BMW has its highest sale of vehicles of about 380,000 cars in China the previous year accounting for two-thirds of its total sales in the country.

BT 201901 in depth 04As a result of BMW's highest take, the German multinational automobile is set to be the controller of the Joint venture in China after it has paid a sum of $4.2 billion so as to increase its stake from 50% to 75%. This step of having the majority control will allow BMW a larger share of the lucrative Chinese business, which will be the BMW’s single biggest sales channel on planet Earth. China, the world’s largest car market was known to had long sealed off its industries from foreign competition, allowing the non-Chinese companies to operate in joint ventures with local businesses.
 

The deal is said to generate the idea of bringing up the effect of producing electric SUVs, the BMW iX3, which are to be sold outside China. The expansion of this business could help offset Chinese tariffs, making about 40 percent in total, which Beijing slapped on cars imported from the United States because of Trump’s trade war with China.
 

The statement “for the first time reached the agreement on increasing the share of German automobile companies in the jointly invested projects in China.” was said by a member of the Chinese foreign ministry and this has assured the German company, BMW the largest stake after the Chinese government reversed its capped investment of 50% maximum on foreign automobile competitors thereby giving chances to foreign competitors to run the Chinese business.

BT 201901 in depth 03It is well known that after China promised last month to fully lift restrictions on foreign ownership in the car industry within five years, and for electric automakers by the end of this year. The company has signed an agreement with Brilliance, the third largest producer of electric cars, to expand the joint venture which will help in boosting the rate of production and the laid down directives to export the upcoming electric iX3 sport utility vehicle from China to other countries around the globe. The agreement was among the dozen sealed by German and Chinese companies during the prime minister’s visit to Germany.
 

The trade war between the United States and China has led to a rising problem on tariffs on cars and car parts had led to the movement of the Chinese automobile companies to the German which will bring about a contribution to a stronger international trade. The movement of many German made cars to the Chinese country also made a plus to the decision of the Chinese company to work with BMW automobiles.
 

The intervention of the German company is believed to help improve the economy of China at large and also helps to reduce tariffs levied on the Chinese for car parts. These tariffs levied on the Chinese company causes a great reduction in the net income and profit of the company making the business less lucrative.

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