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China to cut subsidies on EVs by 20% in 2021
Published on: 2021-01-07
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China will subsidies by a fifth next year on new energy vehicles such as electric cars, the finance ministry said on Thursday, as it seeks to combat pollution and cultivate home-grown champions in the auto sector.
 

China, the world's biggest auto market, has set a target for NEVs, including plug-in hybrids and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, to make up 20 percent of auto sales by 2025, up from 5 percent now.
 

China’s EV market dwarfs that of other countries and the government is intent on further expansion amid commitments to reduce fossil-fuel use.
 

Global automakers such as Volkswagen Group, General Motors, Toyota Motor Corp. and Tesla Inc. are ramping up EV production in China. The are facing competition from domestic automakers, notably Nio, Xpeng and Li Auto.
 

Subsidies will be reduced by 10 percent on NEVs for public transport, including buses and taxis, the ministry added in a statement on its website.
 

China will also beef up regulations on new auto investment and manufacturing, the ministry said, in a move to prevent overcapacity in the auto sector.
 

It will take steps to spur further consolidation in the auto industry and build a more comprehensive supply chain, the ministry added.
 

2021年新能源补贴减少20%

中国财政部表示,到2021年其对于新能源汽车的补贴将削减五分之一。
 

这则消息是在中国国内插电式电动汽车销量显著加速回升,且在去年11月创下月度新纪录之后传出的。
 

2021年内中国政府对电动乘用车的补贴将下调20%,针对公共交通(公交车、出租车)的补贴将下调10%。
 

这一举措听起来很合理,外界猜测它对市场的影响应该不会大到阻碍电动车销量的上涨。现有补贴政策有效期将至少持续到2022年底。
 

眼下,中国是否会继续比其他国家更支持可更换电池的电动汽车值得关注。换电池方案成为蔚来汽车在2020年销量飙升的背后推手。
 

中国预计2021年新能源汽车销量将达到180万辆(2020年时这一预计数字为130万辆),到2025年新能源汽车将占到全国汽车总销量的20%(今年的份额接近6%)。
 

有观点指出,补贴不是支持新能源汽车推广的唯一工具,因为中国已经要求制造商在新能源汽车销售中必须拿到一定的分数(积分制)。
 

中国政府对汽车制造商新能源汽车销售比重的要求已经从12%增加到2021年的14%。

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