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China plans to delay retirement age
Published on: 2021-03-01
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Chinese leaders are studying a detailed plan to raise the retirement age in response to an aging population, You Jun, a vice minister of human resources and social security, said at a Friday press conference in Beijing.
 

At the end of 2019, 18.1% of China’s population, or about 250 million people, were aged 60 or above, official data show. The number of “people of advanced age” is expected to exceed 300 million during the next five-year plan that will run through 2025, You said.
 

The number of people of working age in China — that is, those between 16 and 59 years old — has shrunk by an average of 3 million every year since 2012 and is expected to further decrease by 35 million during the next five years, You said.
 

China has not changed its retirement age for decades. Current laws permit men to retire at 60 and women to retire at 55 or 50, depending on the nature of their employment.
 

Decades of economic development have increased life expectancy and sown concerns that the country is ill-prepared to look after its rapidly aging population.
 

At a key political meeting in October, top Chinese leaders proposed gradually raising the retirement age, but did not publicly disclose specific details.
 

Xu Zhong, a former head of the People’s Bank of China’s research bureau, wrote in a recent op-ed that the growing proportion of senior citizens in China is widening the country’s pensions gap and making it increasingly hard for the state to ensure it can finance people through their old age.
 

延迟法定退休年龄?人社部:退休年龄总体偏低 正研究改革方案

2月26日上午,人社部副部长表示,目前我国的退休年龄总体偏低,人社部正研究具体延迟退休改革方案
 

延迟退休怎么延?实施方案什么时候出?

1、必须要延迟退休吗?

人社部副部长介绍道,我国人均预期寿命已从新中国成立初期的40岁左右提高到了2019年的77.3岁,城镇居民人均寿命超过80岁,但是新中国成立初期确定的男性60岁、女干部55岁、女职工50岁的法定退休年龄,近70年未有调整,这造成了人力资源的浪费。
 

特别是在高校、医院、科研机构和一些高新技术产业,这些高学历人员集中的行业和单位,情况尤为突出。
 

从国际上来看,延迟退休年龄是世界各国应对人口老龄化的普遍做法。近几十年来,多数国家都不同程度地提高了退休年龄,目前世界主要经济体的退休年龄普遍都在65岁以上。
 

2、养老金是不是不够了?

不!

针对这种担忧,人社部部长张纪南刚刚在发布会上表示,目前,养老金累计结余4.7万亿元,加上财政投入、投资增值和2.4万亿元的社会保障战略储备基金,“请放心,我们能确保养老金准时足额发放!”
 

3、延迟退休会怎么延?

《中共中央关于制定国民经济和社会发展第十四个五年规划和二〇三五年远景目标的建议》提出,实施渐进式延迟法定退休年龄。
 

由于延迟退休年龄涉及到广大职工的切身利益,游钧说在方案的研究制定过程中,将会广泛听取各方面的意见,充分吸收社会各界的意见建议,凝聚社会共识,要取得最大公约数。
 

4、’延迟退休方案啥时候出?

人社部副部长说,目前,人社部正会同相关部门在研究具体的改革方案,同时会广泛听取各方面的意见,充分吸收社会各界的意见建议,确保方案科学可行、平稳实施。
 

5、会不会影响年轻人就业?

短期内、在改革转型期,有一部分岗位是会影响到年轻人,但影响非常有限。
 

就业市场里,年轻人有年轻人的岗位,老年人有老年人的岗位,相互很少交叉。
 

实际情况是,年轻人可能看不上老年人干的活儿。年轻人更愿意去的岗位是以互联网为代表的新兴产业、新型服务业。

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