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China to waive taxes on imported materials, parts until 2030
Published on: 2021-03-31
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China announced new import tax cuts on semiconductors on Monday to buff up its domestic sector amid a global shortage of chips caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
 

From July 2020 to the end of 2030, chipmakers producing high-end 65 nanometer technology or smaller chips are exempt from paying import taxes on raw materials and machinery that cannot be produced, China's finance ministry along with the country's customs authority and tax administrator said in a notice.
 

Enterprises undertaking major integrated circuit projects are offered cuts on value-added tax when they import new equipment, the notice said.
 

China has been dealing with a bottleneck in technology development amid an ongoing tech rivalry with the United States.
 

The U.S. has blacklisted Chinese tech giant Huawei and chipmaker Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp. (SMIC) from trading with their U.S. suppliers.
 

将免除部分芯片、设备进口税

近期,为解决芯片短缺等问题,我国多部门发声,加大对芯片产业的支持。据中国网财经3月29日最新报道,中国财政部、海关总署、税务总局三大部门联合发布通知,为支持国内集成电路产业和软件产业的高质量发展,将对5种情形免收进口税。
 

具体而言,当集成电路线宽小于65nm的逻辑电路、存储器生产企业,以及线宽小于0.25微米的特色工艺集成电路生产企业,进口国内不能生产或性能不能满足需求的自用生产性原材料、消耗品、自用生产设备、配套系统和集成电路生产设备零配件等时,可以免除进口税。
 

从事芯片研发和生产业务的南京宇都科技有限公司创始人王俊峰指出,我国的芯片设计能力与西方国家接近,但在芯片生产设备、关键原材料方面还存在着一定的差距。中国半导体行业协会副秘书长李珂认为,我国是全球第一大芯片市场,所需芯片又大量依赖进口。
 

国家统计局数据显示,2020年我国累计进口24207亿元集成电路,同比激增14.8%。因此,免除部分芯片、设备的进口税,有助于华为、中芯国际等国内半导体企业节省更多成本,从而加大研发投入,进入高速发展期。
 

另一方面,这也是为了给国内芯片相关企业的技术突破、实现国产替代提供更多时间。我国科技部日前表示,未来中国将利用国家重点研发计划,给予高端芯片、新一代半导体技术等关键核心技术研究的政策支持。

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