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Food Delivery Giant Meituan Fined 3.5 Billion Yuan For Breaking Anti-Monopoly Law
Published on: 2021-10-09
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China levied a $533 million fine on Meituan after a months-long probe found the food-delivery behemoth had violated anti-monopoly regulations.
 

The State Administration for Market Regulation imposed a 3.44 billion yuan fine on Meituan, amounting to 3% of its 2020 domestic revenue, according to a statement Friday. The company will also have to return 1.29 billion yuan of deposits stemming from exclusivity arrangements. Billionaire Wang Xing’s firm was told to improve its commissions mechanism, ensure the legal rights of restaurant partners and step up protections for its delivery riders.
 

China’s first big antitrust penalty against a tech company was imposed in April on Alibaba, the e-commerce titan co-founded by Jack Ma, one of the richest people in the world. The government’s market watchdog, the State Administration for Market Regulation, fined Alibaba $2.8 billion for preventing the merchants on its shopping sites from selling on other platforms.
 

The same agency announced shortly after that it was investigating reports of similar practices at Meituan.
 

美团被罚34.42亿元!

2021年4月,市场监管总局依据《中华人民共和国反垄断法》,对美团在中国境内网络餐饮外卖平台服务市场滥用市场支配地位行为立案调查。
 

市场监管总局成立专案组,依法扎实高效推进案件查办,广泛开展调查取证,获取大量证据材料并全面深入分析,查明案件事实;组织专家反复深入开展研究论证;多次听取美团陈述意见,保障其合法权利;确保本案事实清楚、证据确凿、定性准确、处理恰当、手续完备、程序合法。
 

经查,2018年以来,美团滥用在中国境内网络餐饮外卖平台服务市场的支配地位,以实施差别费率、拖延商家上线等方式,促使平台内商家与其签订独家合作协议,并通过收取独家合作保证金和数据、算法等技术手段,采取多种惩罚性措施,保障“二选一”行为实施,排除、限制了相关市场竞争,妨碍了市场资源要素自由流动,削弱平台创新动力和发展活力,损害平台内商家和消费者的合法权益,构成《中华人民共和国反垄断法》第十七条第一款第(四)项禁止“没有正当理由,限定交易相对人只能与其进行交易”的滥用市场支配地位行为。
 

根据《中华人民共和国反垄断法》第四十七条、第四十九条规定,综合考虑美团违法行为的性质、程度和持续时间等因素,2021年10月8日,市场监管总局依法作出行政处罚决定,责令美团停止违法行为,全额退还独家合作保证金12.89亿元,并处以其2020年中国境内销售额1147.48亿元3%的罚款,计34.42亿元。同时,向美团发出《行政指导书》,要求其围绕完善平台佣金收费机制和算法规则、维护平台内中小餐饮商家合法利益、加强外卖骑手合法权益保护等进行全面整改,并连续三年向市场监管总局提交自查合规报告,确保整改到位,实现规范创新健康持续发展。

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