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44% of Young Women Don't Plan to Marry
Published on: 2021-10-12
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Despite a public push to incentivise young adults to start a family – including an overhaul of family planning policies to allow people to have three children – a new survey suggests the marriage rate will only fall in the coming years.
 

The survey, organised by the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League, found that more than one-third of nearly 3,000 respondents “did not want to enter a relationship ” and were uncertain if their opinion would ever change.
 

The high costs of starting a family is the top reasons for their reluctance. The survey interviewed people between 18 and 26 years old who lived in urban areas.
 

Over 60 per cent of the people surveyed said it was hard to find the right person to marry. About 56 per cent said it was because “raising a kid is too expensive”, and 46 per cent said, “getting married is too expensive”.
 

In Chinese tradition, married couples are expected to be able to afford a home and a large engagement fund. Recently, a car has been added to that equation.
 

Young women are particularly reluctant to get married.
 

About 44 per cent of the female respondents said they wouldn’t marry or were not sure if they would, nearly 20 percentage points higher than the men surveyed.
 

The most common reason was they did not want to have kids, the survey showed.
 

中国城市青年结婚意愿低

调查发现,在近3000名受访者当中有超过三分之一的人不再认为结婚是一件理所当然的事。
 

《光明日报》刊登的相关文章称,组建家庭的高昂成本是他们不愿意结婚的首要原因。调查采访了居住在城市地区的18岁至26岁未婚青年。
 

中国的结婚率已经在下跌。2020年全国结婚登记813万对,同比下降约12%。这也是结婚率连续第七年出现下降。第七次人口普查数据显示,2020年中国的新生儿数量达到数十年来的最低点。这让政府深感担忧。
 

调查发现,有超过60%的受访者说很难找到合适的结婚对象。在影响结婚意愿的原因中,约56%的人选择了“生育养育孩子成本太高”,46%的人选择了“结婚的经济成本太高”。按照中国传统,结婚必须买房,还得准备一大笔彩礼钱。
 

这项调查发现,年轻人也更加意识到自己的需求,不再把婚姻当作必需品。文章说:“如果婚姻不能提高自己的生活质量,或者影响到个人自我价值的实现,他们就不愿意接受和选择婚姻。”
 

报道指出,年轻女性尤其不愿结婚。约44%女性受访者表示,她们“不结婚”和“不确定会不会结婚”——这比男性受访者多出近20%。调查显示,最常见的原因是她们不想生孩子。

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