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Harsher punishment proposed for VPN providers
Published on: 2021-11-22
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China’s top cyberspace watchdog has drafted a new regulation that would punish individuals and institutions for helping internet users bypass the “Great Firewall” and access censored information from overseas.
 

The proposed rule, unveiled on Sunday and subject to change after public consultation ends on December 13, marks harshest attempt so far to crack down on the providers of virtual private network (VPN) services, which allow users to hide their digital footprint by redirecting traffic through a remote server.
 

Titled “Network Data Security Management Regulations”, the proposal by the Cyberspace Administration of China stipulates that no individual or organisation shall provide “programs, tools, routes” or services, including internet access, server hosting, technical support, promotion, app downloads, payment and settlement for “penetrating and bypassing the cross-border data security gateway”.
 

Any violation may result in a fine no more than 10 times the amount of money made from the offence, or up to 500,000 yuan if the offender is in a management position. Any offending organisation may have its business license revoked.
 

网信办关于《网络数据安全管理条例(征求意见稿)》公开征求意见

11月14日消息,网信中国官微发布消息,为落实《中华人民共和国网络安全法》《中华人民共和国数据安全法》《中华人民共和国个人信息保护法》等法律关于数据安全管理的规定,规范网络数据处理活动,保护个人、组织在网络空间的合法权益,维护国家安全和公共利益,根据国务院2021年立法计划,我办会同相关部门研究起草《网络数据安全管理条例(征求意见稿)》,现向社会公开征求意见。
 

《征求意见稿》显示,国家建立数据分类分级保护制度。按照数据对国家安全、公共利益或者个人、组织合法权益的影响和重要程度,将数据分为一般数据、重要数据、核心数据,不同级别的数据采取不同的保护措施。国家对个人信息和重要数据进行重点保护,对核心数据实行严格保护。各地区、各部门应当按照国家数据分类分级要求,对本地区、本部门以及相关行业、领域的数据进行分类分级管理。
 

关于重要数据安全,《征求意见稿》第三十四条规定,国家机关和关键信息基础设施运营者采购的云计算服务,应当通过国家网信部门会同国务院有关部门组织的安全评估。
 

关于数据跨境安全管理,《征求意见稿》第三十六条规定,数据处理者向中华人民共和国境外提供个人信息的,应当向个人告知境外数据接收方的名称、联系方式、处理目的、处理方式、个人信息的种类以及个人向境外数据接收方行使个人信息权利的方式等事项,并取得个人的单独同意。收集个人信息时已单独就个人信息出境取得个人同意,且按照取得同意的事项出境的,无需再次取得个人单独同意。

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