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China to raise the threshold for teachers' academic backgrounds
Published on: 2021-12-03
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China plans to raise the threshold for teachers' academic backgrounds to improve the quality of education, according to a draft amendment released by the Ministry of Education on Monday.
 

Public feedback on the draft amendment of the Teacher's Law is being sought until Dec 20.
 

The draft says kindergarten teachers should at least obtain degrees from higher vocational schools, rather than the secondary vocational school requirement of the current law, which came into effect in 1994.
 

The draft would also raise academic requirements for primary school teachers from secondary vocational school degrees to bachelor's degrees.
 

For middle school teachers, the requirement would be raised from higher vocational school degrees to bachelor's degrees.
 

The academic requirement for teachers at higher education institutions would be raised to master's degrees from bachelor's degrees.
 

The amendment would also require county-level education authorities to arrange a rotation of teachers at compulsory education schools to ensure balanced educational development.
 

教育部拟修订《教师法》,教师准入学历门槛大幅提升

11月29日,据教育部网站消息,教育部就《中华人民共和国教师法(修订草案)(征求意见稿)》公开征求意见。
 

《征求意见稿》要求,幼儿园教师资格,应当具备高等学校学前教育专业专科或者其他相关专业专科毕业及其以上学历;中小学教师资格,应当具备高等学校师范专业本科或者其他相关专业本科毕业及其以上学历,并获得相应学位;普通高等学校教师资格,应当具备硕士研究生毕业及其以上学历,并获得相应学位。

职业学校专业课教师资格,应当具备高等学校本科毕业及其以上学历,有相应的专业技术技能或者实践工作经验,有特殊技能者,可放宽至专科毕业学历。特殊教育教师资格,应当按照特殊教育的学段,分别具备特殊教育师范类专业专科、本科毕业及其以上学历,并获得相应学位;或者其他相关专业本科毕业及其以上学历,并获得相应学位。中等职业学校文化课教师应当取得相应的高级中学教师资格。高等职业学校基础课、公共课教师应当取得相应的普通高等学校教师资格。

而在本次修订前,《教师法》对学历的要求为:幼儿园教师资格应当具备幼儿师范学校毕业及其以上学历;小学教师资格应当具备中等师范学校毕业及其以上学历;初级中学教师、初级职业学校文化、专业课教师资格,应当具备高等师范专科学校或者其他大学专科毕业及其以上学历;高级中学教师资格和中等专业学校、技工学校、职业高中文化课、专业课教师资格,应当具备高等师范院校本科或者其他大学本科毕业及其以上学历;中等专业学校、技工学校和职业高中学生实习指导教师资格应当具备的学历,由国务院教育行政部门规定;高等学校教师资格,应当具备研究生或者大学本科毕业学历。成人教育教师资格,应当按照成人教育的层次、类别,分别具备高等、中等学校毕业及其以上学历。

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