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China gives long-awaited approval to Boeing 737 MAX after crashe
Published on: 2021-12-06
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Chinese authorities approved the Boeing 737 MAX to resume service on Thursday, removing a major uncertainty surrounding the American aviation giant's comeback after a lengthy slump.
 

The move by the Civil Aviation Administration of China sets the stage for the jet to return to airline schedules in the country in 2022.
 

Shares of Boeing rocketed after the decision, which also clears the way for it to deliver more than 100 MAX aircraft to Chinese carriers that were produced during the more than two years the plane was grounded in China following two deadly crashes.
 

China is the last major travel market to bring the MAX back into use after it was grounded globally in March 2019 following the second of two crashes that together claimed 346 lives.
 

Investigators said a main cause of both crashes was a faulty flight handling system known as the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS).
 

Boeing won approval from the United States in November 2020 and from most other leading aviation authorities thereafter to resume service.
 

On Thursday, Chinese authorities gave the green light after requiring upgrades to planes, including installing new software programs to address the defect and updating the flight manual.
 

Aviation insiders expect it will be another four to six weeks before the planes actually see service with Chinese carriers.
 

波音737MAX有望今年年底或明年年初复飞

12月3日,中国民用航空局召开新闻发布会,针对波音737MAX在中国复飞审定工作进展、复飞时间等问题作出回应。民航局航空器适航审定司司长杨桢梅表示,737MAX有望于今年年底或明年年初陆续恢复国内现有机队的商业运行,并重新启动新飞机引进。
 

12月2日,民航局航空器适航审定司对737MAX发布适航指令,但是必须严格满足恢复运行三原则——飞机的设计更改必须获得适航批准;驾驶员必须得到充分有效的训练;两起事故的调查结论必须是明确的,改进措施是有效的。杨桢梅指出,获得适航批准只是其中最基本的工作,国内航空公司还要完成飞机改装、停场飞机恢复、驾驶员培训等工作,经补充运行合格审定后才能批准复飞。
 

2018年10月29日和2019年3月10日,737MAX8客机在半年内发生2次严重空难,民航局第一时间暂停737MAX8飞机的商业运行。两年多来,民航局坚守安全底线,严格适航标准,坚持恢复运行三原则,与美国联邦航空局、波音公司保持着密切的技术合作和联系,有序推进737MAX8飞机适航审定工作。
 

针对公众关心的737MAX复飞是否会对C919取证产生影响的问题,杨桢梅表示,C919适航取证和737MAX8复飞是两项独立的工作。我国已经同美国、欧洲等签署了全面双边协定,相互接受对方审定合格的航空产品,为国产民机出口国际市场创造了良好的双边政策环境。未来C919推向国际市场时,除了取得中国民航局适航批准,还须经过进口国民航当局适航审查并获得批准。民航局将根据企业需要,全力支持国产民机飞向世界。

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